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A report into the murder of a five-year-old boy has identified what it believes to be ‘systemic’ issues with child protection, including a failure to report the injuries he suffered months before his death. dead.
Logan Mwangi was fatally attacked at his home in Llansantffraid, Sarn, Bridgend, before his body was left in the nearby River Ogmore in the early hours of July 31, 2021.
His mother, Angharad Williamson, 31, stepfather John Cole, 40, and half-brother Craig Mulligan, 14, were all convicted of murder and sentenced to life following a trial before the Cardiff Crown Court earlier this year.
A review of children’s practices by the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Safeguarding Board, released Thursday, made a series of recommendations to agencies involved with Logan and his family before his death.
He revealed that the injuries observed by medical practitioners on Logan, referred to in the report as “Child T”, were not shared with services who could have taken appropriate action to protect him.
The review also highlighted how the Covid-19 pandemic has limited family contact with agencies and impacted the ability to provide “optimal child protection processes”.
“As a result of this in-depth examination of children’s practices, key learnings were identified,” the report says.
“The review panel believes that these issues may be systemic and not isolated instances of individual error or poor practice.”
The review said areas ‘significantly impacted by the impact of the pandemic’ included a lack of trust from professionals to challenge Logan’s family’s potential use of Covid 19 anxieties and symptoms as a barrier to the engagement with services.
He said government restrictions meant that many activities normally carried out face-to-face “which are so vital for accurate assessments and decision-making” had to be carried out remotely and that differences in the way services operate “limited the level of contact the family had with the agencies”.
The report detailed how Cole was allegedly a former member of the National Front and subjected Logan – whose father is of British and Kenyan descent – to derogatory racist remarks.
Cole had previous convictions for assault on a child, possession of an offensive weapon, robbery and possession of illegal drugs, and had served time in prison for burglary.
In August 2020, Logan went to his local accident and emergency unit with an arm injury, bruising to his right cheek, and a broken arm.
A child protection reference was made, raising concerns about Williamson’s delay in getting Logan to the hospital for medical treatment.
However, social services and police “agreed that the threshold for initiating child protection investigations had not been met at this stage, on the grounds that medical information was limited,” the report said.
Police checked Cole’s convictions and it was “agreed at that time that he was not a suitable person to deal solely with” Logan or Mulligan.
Officers attended the hospital as well as the family home, where they were told Logan’s injuries were the result of his fall down the stairs.
During another health assessment by a pediatric doctor, Logan was found to have suffered “bruises and larger injuries”, with 31 images taken of these.
Records indicate he had a blue mark above his genitals, two bruises on his ankle, two bruises on his forehead, bruises on the tops of both ears, bruises behind one ear, bruises on both cheeks and a bruise on the chin.
Logan also had bruises on his left arm and bruises around his broken shoulder.
The report said: “There is no evidence that information about these injuries has been shared with agencies outside of the Board of Health.”
Williamson claimed Logan would bang his head, pinch himself and said the mark to his ears was from wearing a mask to protect himself from Covid-19. No explanation was given for the mark above his genitals.
The report added that there was no record of a child protection referral being submitted in relation to those injuries, or of any broader concerns for Logan’s well-being.
“Only initial concerns about a delay in hospitalization were shared in relation to Child T’s alleged fall down the stairs, with other injuries later observed and not shared,” the report said.
“As a result, the injuries seen on Child T were not shared with services that could have taken appropriate action to protect him.
“Several of the injuries, even isolated, should have triggered a reference.
“If the injuries were considered by medical professionals to be non-accidental, there should have been clear considerations about the number of injuries and their location on the body, parental supervision given to Child T and whether agency support wider was needed.
“That still should have triggered a referral to child protection.”
The next day, the social situation of the family is discussed by child services and health professionals. The consulting pediatrician did not consider Logan to have suffered a non-accidental injury.
A discussion ensued between police and children’s services, who agreed that Logan should be discharged from hospital and placed in his mother’s care.
Children’s Services then agreed that the referral would be closed.
The report made 10 local recommendations and five national recommendations after Logan’s death.
These include urging the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Health Board to commission an independent review of its practice and management of the identification and investigation of non-accidental injuries in children.
Nationally, he suggests the Welsh Government consider commissioning a review of approaches to hosting child protection conferences to help identify best practice, as well as the possibility of an annual national campaign outreach to educate the public on how to report protection concerns.
. Murder Logan Mwangi Fault report the injuries boy of the months before murder