A GLASS of milk a day reduces the risk of diabetes by ten percent, a study reveals.
Experts have found that a moderate consumption of dairy products helps protect against the disease, which affects almost five million Britons.
One theory is that it contains key nutrients that boost the body’s ability to process sugar.
But researchers have found that eating red meat regularly increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The disease occurs when the body loses its ability to metabolize sugar, primarily due to weight gain and a poor lifestyle.
Treating diabetes costs the NHS £10billion a year and is responsible for one in 20 prescriptions written by GPs.
And it is one of the main causes of blindness, amputation, stroke and heart disease.
Now, research to be presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Stockholm shows that dairy consumption may help protect against the disease.
The Italian team analyzed 13 major studies on diet and diabetes.
They found that a glass of milk a day was associated with a 10% reduction in risk, 200g a day of any dairy product with a 5% reduction and a bowl of yoghurt with a 6% reduction. .
But making fun of cheese, fish and eggs had no impact.
Lead researcher Dr Annalisa Giosuè, University of Naples Federico II, said: “Dairy products are rich in nutrients, vitamins and other bioactive compounds that can favorably influence glucose metabolism – the processing of sugar by sugar. ‘organization.
“For example, whey protein in milk is known to modulate the rise in blood sugar after eating.
“Probiotics are also known to exert beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, which may explain why we found that regular yogurt consumption is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes.”
Red meat has been found to increase the risk of diabetes, with a 22% increase in the development of the disease for those who consumed 100g per day, or about half of a small steak.
And just 50g of processed meat a day – about two strips of bacon – increased the odds by almost a third.
Dr Giosuè added: “Red and processed meat are important sources of compounds like saturated fatty acids, cholesterol and heme iron, all known to promote chronic low-level inflammation and oxidative stress, which can reduce the sensitivity of cells to insulin.
“Processed meats also contain nitrates, nitrites and sodium which, among other adverse effects, can damage insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.”
Experts have urged people to ditch red meat in favor of less risky proteins, such as fish and eggs.
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